By Alex Carmel
Lower than Ottoman rule, town of Haifa, situated on the southern element of the most important bay at the coast of Israel, was once reworked from a scarcely-inhabited citadel city to an important smooth urban. at the present time town is the third-largest in Israel and has over 250,000 inhabitants.
This publication information the historical past of Haifa below the Ottomans throughout the interval 1516-1918. Alex Carmel makes use of a number of unique assets, together with trip literature from the time, to discover the realities of existence in Haifa less than Ottoman rule and paints a brilliant photo of the improvement of town during this period. He exhibits that it skilled its first major growth as early as 1761 less than Dahar el Omar and that when the institution of the Württemberg Templer Haifa Colony in 1868, the town started to flourish. the ultimate bankruptcy of the booklet exhibits how the town coped with the devastating results of the nice battle and the next fall of the Ottoman Empire and institution of the British Mandate.
Carmel's paintings has turn into the benchmark of the historiography of Israel's 3rd biggest urban and continues to be to today, the best-known and such a lot highly-regarded survey of Haifa lower than Ottoman rule. This, the 1st English version of 'Ottoman Haifa', might be crucial analyzing for all historians of the Ottoman Empire and the center East.