Download E-books The Culture of Sectarianism: Community, History, and Violence in Nineteenth-Century Ottoman Lebanon PDF

Targeting Ottoman Lebanon, Ussama Makdisi indicates how sectarianism was once a manifestation of modernity that transcended the actual barriers of a selected kingdom. His research demanding situations those that have considered sectarian violence as an Islamic reaction to westernization or just as a fabricated from social and fiscal inequities between non secular teams. The spiritual violence of the 19th century, which culminated in sectarian mobilizations and massacres in 1860, was once a posh, multilayered, subaltern expression of modernization, he says, no longer a primordial response to it.

Makdisi argues that sectarianism represented a planned mobilization of non secular identities for political and social reasons. The Ottoman reform move introduced in 1839 and the becoming ecu presence within the center East contributed to the disintegration of the conventional Lebanese social order in accordance with a hierarchy that bridged spiritual variations. Makdisi highlights how ecu colonialism and Orientalism, with their emphasis on Christian salvation and Islamic despotism, and Ottoman and native nationalisms each one created and used narratives of sectarianism as foils to their very own visions of modernity and to their very own initiatives of colonial, imperial, and nationwide improvement. Makdisi's ebook is necessary to our realizing of Lebanese society this day, however it additionally makes an important contribution to the dialogue of the significance of spiritual discourse within the formation and dissolution of social and nationwide identities within the smooth global.

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Download E-books The Berlin-Baghdad Express: The Ottoman Empire and Germany's Bid for World Power PDF

By Sean McMeekin

The sleek center East was once solid within the crucible of the 1st global warfare, yet few understand the complete tale of the way conflict truly got here to the area. As Sean McMeekin finds during this startling reinterpretation of the struggle, it was once neither the British nor the French yet quite a small clique of Germans and Turks who thrust the Islamic international into the clash for his or her personal political, financial, and army ends.

The Berlin-Baghdad Express tells the interesting tale of ways Germany exploited Ottoman pan-Islamism that allows you to break the British Empire, then the most important Islamic strength on the planet. in the meantime the younger Turks harnessed themselves to German army may well to avenge Turkey’s hereditary enemy, Russia. advised from the point of view of the major decision-makers at the Turco-German part, the various so much consequential occasions of worldwide battle I―Turkey’s access into the conflict, Gallipoli, the Armenian massacres, the Arab riot, and the Russian Revolution―are illuminated as by no means before.

Drawing on a wealth of recent assets, McMeekin forces us to reconsider Western interference within the heart East and its lamentable effects. it's an epic tragicomedy of unintentional results, as Turkish nationalists supply Russia the conflict it desperately wishes, jihad begets an Islamic rebellion in Mecca, German sabotage plots upend the Tsar providing Turkey from Russia’s yoke, and German Zionism midwifes the Balfour assertion. All alongside, the tale is interwoven with the drama surrounding German efforts to accomplish the Berlin to Baghdad railway, the weapon designed to win the warfare and guarantee German hegemony over the center East.

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Download E-books Gallipoli: The Dardanelles Disaster in Soldiers' Words and Photographs PDF

By Stephen Chambers

Presenting greater than one hundred fifty never-before-published pictures of the crusade, many taken through the warriors themselves, including unpublished written fabric from British, Anzac, French, and Turkish resources, together with eyewitness debts of the landings, this is often an unequalled account of what quite occurred at Gallipoli.

Van Emden's gripping narrative and lucid research of Churchill's notorious operation enhances Stephen Chambers's evocative photos, exhibiting how the speedy unfold of illnesses like dysentery, the shortcoming of unpolluted water and nutrients, and the great losses on each side affected morale, until eventually ultimately in January 1916, in what have been the best-laid plans of the full disastrous crusade, the Allies effectively fooled the Turkish forces and evacuated their troops from the peninsula with out extra casualties.

the following, best First global battle historian Richard van Emden and Gallipoli professional Stephen Chambers have produced a completely clean, own, and illuminating research of 1 of the good War's such a lot catastrophic events.

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Download E-books The Dönme: Jewish Converts, Muslim Revolutionaries, and Secular Turks PDF

By Marc David Baer

This ebook tells the tale of the Dönme, the descendents of Jews who resided within the Ottoman Empire and switched over to Islam besides their messiah, Rabbi Shabbatai Tzevi, within the 17th century. for 2 centuries following their conversion, the Dönme have been permitted as Muslims, and by means of the tip of the 19th century rose to the pinnacle of Salonikan society. The Dönme helped rework Salonika right into a cosmopolitan urban, selling the latest innovation in alternate and finance, city reform, and sleek schooling. They ultimately turned the motive force in the back of the 1908 revolution that ended in the overthrow of the Ottoman sultan and the institution of an earthly republic.

To their proponents, the Dönme are enlightened secularists and Turkish nationalists who fought opposed to the darkish forces of superstition and spiritual obscurantism. To their competitors, they have been easily crypto-Jews engaged in a plot to dissolve the Islamic empire. either issues of view imagine the Dönme have been anti-religious, no matter if couched as critique or praise.

But it's time that we take those spiritual humans heavily on their lonesome phrases. within the Ottoman Empire, the Dönme promoted morality, ethics, spirituality, and a syncretistic faith that mirrored their origins on the intersection of Jewish Kabbalah and Islamic Sufism. this can be the 1st booklet to inform their tale, from their origins to their close to overall dissolution as they turned secular Turks within the mid-twentieth century.

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Download E-books Byzantine Infantryman: Eastern Roman Empire c.900-1204 (Warrior) PDF

Osprey's survey of Byzantine soldiers throughout the center a long time. Having been proficient to function in small, hugely cellular eight-man devices adept at dwelling off the land while on crusade, the Byzantine infantryman was once an impressive foe. outfitted on a robust trust approach that emphasised stealth, shock, rapid maneuvering, and overwhelming strength, the Byzantine infantryman used to be proficient in survival, sword, spear and archery innovations, in addition to land and sea wrestle and battling in the foulkon "turtle" formation.

This e-book, written through Timothy Dawson, a professional within the education and strategies of the Byzantine military, information the typical adventure of the infantryman from his recruitment, via his twice-a-day education regime, to his encounters along with his enemies.

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Download E-books Producing Desire: Changing Sexual Discourse in the Ottoman Middle East, 1500-1900 (Studies on the History of Society and Culture) PDF

This hugely unique booklet brings into concentration the sexual discourses occur in a wealth of little-studied resource material—medical texts, criminal files, non secular literature, dream interpretation manuals, shadow theater, and travelogues—in a nuanced, wide-ranging, and powerfully analytic exploration of Ottoman sexual idea and practices from the heyday of the Ottoman Empire within the 16th century to the start of the 20th. Following at the paintings of Foucault, Gagnon, Laqueur, and others, the idea of the publication is that individuals form their principles of what's permissible, outline obstacles of correct and improper, and picture their sexual worlds during the set of discourses on hand to them. Dror Ze’evi unearths that whereas a few of these discourses have been restrictive and others extra permissive, all handled intercourse in its many manifestations as a traditional human pursuit. And, he extra argues that each one those discourses have been reworked and eventually silenced within the final century, leaving little or no to notify heart jap societies in sexual issues. With its leading edge procedure towards the background of sexuality within the heart East, Producing Desire sheds new mild at the background of the Ottoman Empire, at the historical past of sexuality and gender, and at the Islamic center East today.

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Download E-books Islamic Intellectual History in the Seventeenth Century: Scholarly Currents in the Ottoman Empire and the Maghreb PDF

For a lot of the 20th century, the highbrow lifetime of the Ottoman and Arabic-Islamic international within the 17th century used to be missed or mischaracterized by means of historians. Ottomanists quite often observed the 17th century as marking the top of Ottoman cultural florescence, whereas smooth Arab nationalist historians tended to work out it as one more century of highbrow darkness below Ottoman rule. This booklet is the 1st sustained attempt at investigating a number of the highbrow currents between Ottoman and North African students of the early smooth interval. interpreting the highbrow creation of the ranks of realized ulema (scholars) via shut readings of assorted treatises, commentaries, and marginalia, Khaled El-Rouayheb argues for a extra textured - and text-centered - knowing of the colourful alternate of principles and transmission of data throughout an unlimited expanse of Ottoman-controlled territory.

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Download E-books Rethinking Modernity and National Identity in Turkey (Publications on the Near East) PDF

Within the first 20 years after W.W.II, social scientist heralded Turkey as an exemplar of a 'modernizing' state within the Western mould. photos of unveiled girls operating subsequent to clean-shaven males, fit little ones at school uniforms, and downtown Ankara's glossy structure all proclaimed the country's luck. even supposing Turkey's modernization begun within the overdue Ottoman period, the institution of the secular geographical region by means of Kemal Ataturk in 1923 marked the crystallization of an particular, elite-driven 'project of modernity' that took its idea solely from the West. The essays during this e-book are the 1st try to research the Turkish test with modernity from a extensive, interdisciplinary viewpoint, encompassing the fields of historical past, the social sciences, the arts, structure, and concrete making plans. As they study either the Turkish undertaking of modernity and its critics, the participants supply a clean, balanced figuring out of dilemmas now dealing with not just Turkey but in addition many different components of the center East and the area at huge.

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