By John Philoponus

In probably the most unique books of past due antiquity, Philoponus argues for the Christian view that subject may be created by way of God out of not anything. It wishes no past topic for its construction. even as, Philoponus transforms Aristotle's perception of top topic as an incorporeal 'something - i do know now not what' that serves because the final topic for receiving extension and characteristics. to the contrary, says Philoponus, the last word topic is extension. it really is three-d extension with its particular dimensions and any features unspecified. furthermore, such extension is the defining attribute of physique. accordingly, to this point from being incorporeal, it truly is physique, and in addition to being best subject, it really is shape - the shape that constitutes physique. This makes use of, yet fullyyt disrupts, Aristotle's conceptual gear. ultimately, in Aristotle's scheme of different types, this extension isn't really to be categorised less than the second one classification of volume, yet below the 1st classification of substance as a considerable volume. This quantity includes an English translation of Philoponus' remark, distinct notes and creation, and a bibliography.

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